At 7:30 a.m, we take the AU-CM10s left kusadas for Pamukkale. I've heard for a long time
that this place has not only thousands of years of natural hot springs, but also peculiar hills
like cotton. In Turkish, Pamuk means cotton, kale means castle, so Pamukkale is called
As for the cotton castle, there is a myth and legend: in order to meet with celene, the Greek
god of the moon, the shepherd, Endymion forgot to milk the sheep, causing the milk to flow
freely across the mountain, covering the whole hill, thus forming the cotton castle.
In fact, the principle of formation of Pamukkale landform is the same as that of Huanglong in
Sichuan Province. In the process of downward flow, a large number of calcareous rocks and
other minerals are dissolved.
When the spring water gushes out of the ground and flows along the hillside, the calcareous
deposits along the way, forming a stepped calcification dike and calcification pool over time.
The difference is that the scenery of Huanglong is yellow, green and colorful, while the cotton
fort is pure white and cotton like, another masterpiece of nature!
As there is a 4-hour drive between the two places, we visited a leather factory shop on the
way, so it's nearly 3 p.m. after lunch and then to cotton fort. We hurried into the scenic area,
not far along the wooden plank road, we saw a huge stone wall in front of us.
It turns out that the cotton fort is located next to the historic city of herapolis. In 190 B.C.,
King Omanis II of pagama built the city. By the time of the Roman Empire and Byzantium, it
developed into a thriving spa, but it was flattened by a great earthquake in the 17th century.
Through the arch of the city wall, the ruins of the ancient city of herapolis can be seen faintly
on the hillside. According to reports, the ancient theater, market, temple and Roman column
are basically preserved.
In particular, the Roman theater, built in the 2nd century A.D., is relatively well preserved
because it is located at the top of the mountain.
Since we saw the Wanren theatre in Ephesus and then went to the ancient theatre of
aspandos, it was very hot, so we didn't go up the mountain to see the ruins or visit the
Museum of herapolis, but left the time for cotton castle.
At this time, our sight has been completely attracted by the snow-white cliff on the left: like a
pile of cotton wadding, like a thick snowflake covered, like a sharp ice hanging on the ice.
Never seen such a strange natural scenery!
Behind a thick "snow wall", a dozen people in swimsuits are moving forward.Turning around,
a group of tourists took off their shoes and walked to the calcification pool below.
Mr. Saite told us to look at the cotton fort. The best place is to go to the opposite hillside.
Indeed, through a section of city wall, standing on the hillside here, looking from afar, the
whole hillside opposite seems to be a crystal snow scene covered with ice and snow in the
Northern Kingdom, and it seems to be covered with a layer of snow-white quilt; only the
tourists squirm like ants, some go down, some soak in the pool water with different heights
and flat as a mirror.
Looking down the white hillside, there are many calcified pools with curved edges in the
middle. The water reflects the sky and turns into blue pools. Then down to the foot of the
mountain, there is a small pink green lake. In the distance is the white wall and red tile house
in the village.
Along the plank road, we continued to walk northward and eastward. On the one hand, we
saw the best view of the cotton Fort: layers of white jade like rocks, calcified pools of various
shapes, sapphire like or Qiongjiang like pool water.